How To Write An Essay? | Essay Writing Format - Dear India

How To Write An Essay? | Essay Writing Format

How To Write An Essay? | Essay Writing Format

Courtesy: owlcation
The word Essay is defined as ‘a literal composition (usually prose and short) on any subject.’ Properly speaking, it is a written composition giving expression to one’s own personal ideas or opinions on some topic; but the term usually covers also any written composition, whether it expresses personal opinions, or gives information on any given subject, or details of a narrative or description.    

a)Paragraph- Every essay should be divided into paragraphs, and each heading should have at least one paragraph to itself. 

An essay not thus paragraphed looks unattractive and is not easy to read.
{A paragraph is a group of related sentences that develop a single point. In constructing a paragraph these principles should be kept in view:-
(i)  Unity- The paragraph must treat of one subject only.     
(ii) Variety- All paragraphs should not be of the same length or same structure.  (iii)   Sequences of Thoughts- Thoughts or expressions expressed in the essay should be in logical sequences.   
(iv) Topical Sentence – The most important sentences of a paragraph are the first and the last one. In many paragraphs, the first sentence states the subject and is called the topical sentence(or key sentence). The concluding sentence may sum up effectively what has been said in the paragraph.}   

b) Structure of an Essay- We may divide an essay into three parts- The Introduction, The Body of the Essay, and the Conclusion.
  
(i) The Introduction- This must be very brief. It would be absurd to have the porch 
bigger than the building itself. It may be simply a sentence (in short Essay ) or a very short paragraph. (Size of ‘Introduction’ should be proportional to the size of the Essay.)   The introduction may consist of a definition or a quotation, proverb, very brief story, or general remark, leading up to the subject.

(ii)  The Body of The Essay- This is really the essay itself- the house to which the introduction is the front door, and the conclusion the back door or exit.

 In arranging the body of the essay follow the proportion. i.e let each part have due weight given to it. If the subject is “The good and bad influence of Social Media”.  Do not devote three-quarters of the essay to bad influences and so leave only a quarter for the good.  Closely follow your full outline throughout.
     The paragraphs should be well constructed and should be related to one another according to the direction of your outline; and, as far as possible, the connection between one another should be shown.
         Try to use such words and phrases which exactly express the idea which you have in mind; and frame your sentences so that they are quite clear and forceful.
                                  Avoid the use of unnecessary words. In revising your essay, look out for useless repetitions and redundant expressions, and strike them out.
            Do not write frivolously on a serious subject, or ponderously on a light and humorous subject.
(iii) The Conclusion- As the Introduction should arouse interest, the conclusion should satisfy it. An effective and satisfying end to an essay is as important as an arresting beginning. An abrupt or feeble ending may spoil the whole effect of the essay. A good conclusion may consist  of :
(i)              Summing up of the arguments of the essay;
(ii)            The final conclusion drawn from the subject matter;
(iii)          A suitable quotation;
(iv)           A sentence that strikingly expresses the main point you want to drive home.

     c)At last, few words about your style of writing- To acquire a simple, direct and forceful style in writing demands constant practice. It does not come ‘by nature’. As the poet says:-
“True ease in writing comes from art, not chance;
As those move easiest who have learned to dance.”

The secret of clear writing is clear thinking. So, be absolutely clear in your thoughts and what you want to say, and then say it. - as directly as simple, as concisely as possible.
  Be Direct- Use short sentences in preference to long.
  Be Simple- Don’t attempt any oratory or flowery language but use simple words and constructions and avoid superfluous words.
  Be Natural- Don’t try to imitate any author’s style, however eloquent, but be yourself.


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